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What is Buck’s Traction? A Comprehensive Guide



Buck’s Traction

Buck’s traction is a physical therapy technique often used for treating femoral fractures. The main objectives of maintaining Buck’s traction are to realign and lengthen the bone, relieve muscle spasms, and alleviate nerve pressure.


Buck’s traction is incredibly helpful for treating femur fractures. It can be used to realign broken bones, correct contractures or abnormalities, and immobilize the knee. It’s also known as Buck’s extension and is commonly used for short-term treatment of fractures in the femoral neck and shaft, as well as after reducing a hip dislocation. Additionally, it can be used to make small adjustments to flexed abnormalities in the hip or knee, and as a temporary measure for low back pain or pelvic rotation.

The surgeon can use tape or a pre-made Buck’s traction boot. The weight should not go over 4.5 kilograms. Acquiring or maintaining reduction is not helpful. To apply longitudinal traction, use a single pulley to pull in one direction. Keep the leg extended and prevent hip flexion.

The Purpose

The goals of maintaining Buck’s traction position are as follows:

  • Restore normal bone alignment and length – this is the main purpose of the affected bone.
  • Lessen or eliminate muscular spasms.
  • Reduce pressure on nerves.
  • Reduce the risk of developing skeletal abnormalities or muscular contractures, if possible.
  • To stop the bleeding, make sure to apply a fusiform tamponade around the bleeding vessel.


Pain Relief

Buck traction can relieve discomfort by relaxing tight muscles and keeping the bones in their correct positions. It’s a great way to find relief!


Bucks’ traction is a safer option compared to surgical procedures because it does not involve cutting or stitching.

Preoperative Preparation

Bucks’ traction is a helpful tool for orthopedic surgeries. It helps ease the patient into the incision, making the procedure go more smoothly.

When Is Bucks Traction Used?

Fracture Management

Bucks traction is often used to treat fractures, especially in the lower extremities. It’s a popular method for supporting the injured limb after a femur, tibia, or hip fracture.

Preoperative Preparation

Before surgery, buck traction can be utilized to assist in the process. By aligning the broken bone correctly, the surgical procedure can be expedited and complications can be minimized.

How Is Bucks Traction Applied?

Proper Assessment

Before starting Bucks’ traction, it is important to fully evaluate the patient’s condition. This evaluation considers the patient’s overall health, the fracture’s location, and any possible complications.

Equipment Setup

To apply Bucks’ traction, you’ll need a few key pieces of gear: traction boots, weights, pulleys, and a traction frame. The pulleys come into play by applying the necessary tension to the traction boots. These boots are then connected to the weights, creating the desired effect.

Positioning the Patient

The patient is positioned in a way that allows the injured leg to hang freely in the traction boots. To guarantee the best possible performance alignment and traction are carefully observed to make sure everything is working perfectly. 


To maintain the desired traction, you must constantly monitor it with patience. It is crucial to address any pain or consequences immediately.


  • Manual traction is when the pull is done by hand. 
  • Skin traction spreads the force over a large area of the skin and soft tissues to provide traction to the bone. 
  • Skeletal traction involves applying force directly to the bone using metal pins that have been surgically inserted through the bone.


There are two techniques for applying traction to the skin and skeleton. 

The first technique is called fixed traction, where the pull is exerted between two locations that are not moving. 

The second technique is sliding traction, where the pull is exerted by hanging weights and the patient’s body weight. These techniques are used to provide relief and support to the body.

Potential Complications

Buck’s traction can lead to several complications, including 

  • skin breakdown in areas of pressure, 
  • nerve and blood vessel dysfunction, 
  • compartment syndrome,
  •  joint stiffness, 
  • constipation from lack of movement and pain medication, 
  • sore heels, 
  • peroneal nerve damage, 
  • urinary tract infections, 
  • pin tract infections, 
  • muscle loss, and
  • the development of bed sores due to prolonged immobilization in bed.


Bucks’ traction is crucial for treating fractures and orthopedic issues. It’s a non-invasive procedure with many uses, like relieving pain and preparing for surgery. It’s important for both doctors and patients to understand Bucks’ traction and its benefits.


What is the difference between Bucks traction and skeletal traction?

Buck Traction:

Application: Buck’s traction is a type of skin traction, where the traction force is applied to the skin.

Mechanism: It typically involves placing a boot or a cuff around the patient’s lower leg, and then attaching weights to create traction.

Purpose: Buck’s traction is often used for lower limb fractures or conditions requiring immobilization.

Skeletal Traction:

Application: Skeletal traction involves the use of pins, wires, or screws directly inserted into the bone.

Mechanism: The traction force is applied directly to the skeletal system, usually through pins inserted into bones.

Purpose: Skeletal traction is employed in more complex cases or when greater control over the traction force is needed, such as in certain fractures or spinal conditions.

Why is Buck’s traction used before surgery?

If you’ve fractured a bone, traction can help put it back in place or relieve your pain temporarily until surgery. It’s a crucial part of the healing process and can make a big difference in your recovery.

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SAHM: Faces Higher Depression Risks Compared to Working Women




Due to the need to raise children and the high costs of childcare, many couples decide to have one person stay at home to take care of the children and manage the household, while the other goes out to work and earn money. Although fathers also take on the role of homemaker, this responsibility is predominantly shouldered by mothers.

However, there is a phenomenon known as “stay-at-home mother” or, often in American English, “stay-at-home mom,” abbreviated as SAHM. This is characterized by a depressive syndrome among housewives, though it has not yet been officially diagnosed. It is quite common among mothers who choose to leave the workforce to focus on the responsibilities of homemaking and childcare.

According to a recent article from Healthline, a report on parenting in the US titled “The State of Moms and Dads in America” reveals that up to 28% of mothers opt to stay at home and be full-time homemakers, while only 7% of men make this choice.


Although different depressive disorders can cause SAHM depression, they share core symptoms such as persistent depressed mood and feeling loss of energy.

Symptoms will appear as follows:

  • Feeling sad, empty, and hopeless almost every day.
  • Loss of interest in daily activities.
  • Weight changes, sleep disorders.
  • Frequently feel restless.
  • Poor concentration and indecisiveness.
  • Unstable mood.
  • Feeling worthless and guilty.

The symptoms listed above may sound like typical parenting. While it’s true that all parents can go through periods of fatigue, irritability, and depression due to stress, these periods pass quickly.

However, when feelings of depression do not go away and disrupt important areas of your daily life, this is a sign that you have a depressive disorder.


There is actually no specific cause of depression, but situations of isolation, inequality in relationships, and loss of sense of purpose and identity may play a role in the syndrome, SAHM.

Dr. Sabrina Romanoff, who teaches at Yeshiva University in New York City, New York, said that often having a feeling of imbalance in the relationship with your partner will greatly contribute to causing problems, depression.

In other words, your partner who goes out to work will have the idea that housework will be easy to complete and easy to do because the housewife is the one who “stays home all day,” while the person who goes to work has to be “busy” with work.

Another thing that happens very often is that it’s a natural instinct to parent 24/7 and gradually lose touch with other activities in life that you once enjoyed. If you don’t have time away from your children and time for yourself, you will gradually feel as if you are only attached to your children and you have no other purpose in life other than taking care of them, become human.

“Financial stress and financial dependence on a partner keep women at home,” says Dr. Elizabeth Campbell, a marriage and family psychotherapist in Spokane, Washington. Feel insecure, feel like they are at a loss, and have low self-esteem.”


1. Lift isolation

One of the first things you should do is seek out social interactions to combat feelings of loneliness. And you should also find ways to socialize with your children.

“You can schedule regular outings or dates with other moms and their babies,” suggests Dr. Elizabeth Campbell. “Engaging in meaningful conversations and connecting with others helps reduce symptoms of depression and provides a sense of belonging.”

2. Take time to care for yourself

Self-care doesn’t have to take up a lot of time; you can find a little bit of it throughout the day, even if you’re juggling a lot of responsibilities.

Self-care is sometimes as simple as taking 5 minutes each morning to indulge in your skin care, or reading a favorite book in the kitchen while dinner is cooking. Or sometimes just taking 10 minutes before bed to relax yourself is the right thing to do.

3. Explore yourself

Dr. Sabrina Romanoff, advises that housewives should make an effort to define themselves as more than just a mother, but try to practice other aspects in different ways. For example, you can still be a young, life-loving woman and hang out with your friends, try to do things you like, and even study something you want.

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What is Hybrid Cannabis: Everything you need to know



Hybrid Cannabis

Also called marijuana, cannabis is a plant highly prized for its multiple therapeutic properties. Indeed, cannabis is a naturally complex plant which is characterized by two interesting chemical components, notably THC and CBD. These two cannabinoids are involved in the regulation of many functions in the body.

Also, there are numerous cannabis varieties, including hybrids. So what does hybrid cannabis mean? How do hybrid cannabis varieties occur? How to differentiate the hybrid variety from the Sativa and Indica varieties? If any of these questions arouse your curiosity, just read this article which tells you everything about hybrid cannabis.

Hybrid cannabis: what is it?

Hybrid cannabis is a variety resulting from crossing several varieties of hemp called landraces to create effects and different flavor profiles. Generally, hybrid cannabis strains are plants with a combination of characteristics of Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica plants, depending on their genetic lineage.

In reality, the hemp plant as well as its CBD flowers are rich in cannabinoids notably CBD and THC. These two molecular substances are found in the parent strains, namely sativa and indica. To make the effects of cannabis more active and specific, several other strains have been created through the use of conventional hybridization techniques.

Today, the majority of cannabis plants are hybrid varieties that are dominated by either indica or sativa, rather than being pure indica or sativa strains. This is justified by the fact that it is currently difficult to find local strains or original strains of cannabis with their native characteristics in the global crossbreeding market.

Thus, it is not uncommon to come across hybrid cannabis plants that are very tall with bushy leaves, or short with thin leaves. Regardless, their distinct characteristics clearly indicate that they are cultivars developed through modern breeding methods, rather than naturally occurring varieties.

How and why did hybrid varieties arise?

By looking at the history of hybrid varieties, it is possible to indicate the place of their origin. The first of them were created on the sunny coast of California in the USA. Growers created the first hybrid varieties in an attempt to improve the quality of available plants – resistance, yield, cannabinoid strength, etc.

Creating a new hybrid strain may seem simple, but in practice it is a complex and time-consuming process. To produce a hybrid strain, plants with the desired characteristics must be selected. Female and male varieties are needed for crossbreeding, but some people experiment with using hermaphroditic plants.

After pollinating a female plant, the female produces seeds that contain genes from both parents. These seeds are collected and sown to create a hybrid. Sowing new seeds does not mean the job is done! Breeders still need to establish the phenotype of a given plant. To consolidate the phenotype, several generations of a new strain are sown and multiplied. If the strain shows intergenerational reproducibility, it can be considered stable and introduced to the market.

What are the effects of hybrid cannabis strains?

The effects of a hybrid CBD mainly depend on the most dominant strain being crossed. For instance, sativa strains are renowned for their energizing and uplifting effects. On the other hand, plants of the indica strain are more sedative.

Plus, their richness in terpenes contributes to the euphoric effects with an electric rush you get. A balanced hybrid cannabis will produce a mix of both sativa and indica, which can provide an uplifting effect with a relaxing body effect that activates the mind and makes one more sociable especially when the strain is indica dominant.

What are the differences between hybrid cannabis, Indica and Sativa?

Many have used the classifications indica, sativa and hybrid for a long time in the cannabis industry. However, this is not entirely correct. Indeed, sativa and indica are all parts of the Cannabis sativa L. species when we look at the molecular aspect. This will not mean that it is possible to attribute an effect to sativa or indica.

On the other hand, we could attribute to them the entourage effect when these strains of cannabis enter the body. The entourage effect is the interaction between cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids to create a unique experience for each consumer.

Furthermore, regarding the appearance of the plants, the sativa can reach 180 cm in height. It is characterized by thin, light green leaves and less dense flowering than the indica. The latter generally has a height of around 90 cm with short and wide leaves of dark green color, thick and dense.

Additionally, it should be noted that sativa is known for its energizing action and can be used as both a brain stimulant and a physical tonic. It is ideal for consumers looking to optimize their concentration and creativity.

As for indica, it is sought after for its sedative, relaxing and calming effect. It shows real potential in cases of stress, sleep disorders and insomnia. As an antispasmodic and powerful relaxant , it can help relieve chronic pain, nausea, migraine attacks, and loss of appetite.

As for hybrid cannabis, it results from the crossing between sativa and indica in order to obtain different characteristics depending on the objective of each breeder.

Why are hybrid cannabis strains grown?

Either way, CBD in its natural or hybrid state offers numerous health and wellness benefits. Hybrid varieties are appreciated for their soothing and calming effects in relieving the pain of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Also, hybrid cannabis has been shown to be effective in combating anxiety and depression. It is also used in the textile industry because it is very resistant. Besides these benefits, hybrid cannabis strains are grown for several other reasons.

Richness in specific amounts of cannabinoids

When it comes to cannabis strains, cannabinoids are the main components responsible for the effects they produce. In a given cannabis plant, there are in fact more than a hundred different cannabinoids. The two most dominant are of course THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol).

Hybrid cannabis, which is a combination of different strains, allows for a higher content of these cannabinoids. Therefore, they help meet the specific medical requirements and healing effects that patients benefit from.

Plant size and appearance

The reason many growers grow hybrid cannabis strains is for their size and appearance. This is because sativa plants grow tall and tree-like while indica plants generally have a short, shrubby appearance.

As for hybrids, they can be customized to have characteristics such as size to adapt to the requirements of the growing space. Either way, hybrid cannabis plants come in more desirable shapes and sizes without even considering their yields.

Flavor and aromas

Hybrid CBD joint cultivars are produced by breeders to obtain unique flavors and aromas that will satisfy all preferences. So, whether you prefer a deep and powerful smell or taste or a light and fruity one, you will undoubtedly be satisfied with the multitude of hybrid cannabis varieties that exist. 

Resin content

There are plants that contain more resin than others. For this purpose, hybrid strains are specifically created to have better resin contents. Indeed, resin is an amber-colored substance that is generally found in trichomes.

It is considered the most valuable part of the cannabis plant since it provides the majority of THC responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis. This substance is highly sought after in the production of concentrated CBD oils. Don’t hesitate to take a look at the CBD shops to get any type of CBD concentrate .

Terpene and flavonoid profiles

You may not know it, but hybrid cannabis strains are rich in terpenes and flavonoids. Combined with essential oils like CBD oil for sleep, they produce excellent medicinal, relaxing and calming effects.

Speed ​​of flowering

Another reason why growers produce hybrid cannabis is for their speed of flowering. In fact, hybrid cannabis is nowadays selected to have a short flowering time which varies between 8 and 10 weeks. With autoflowering varieties, this time is even shorter. Additionally, these varieties have a shorter growing time, which is beneficial for hemp producers.


The reason many growers prefer to produce cannabis strains is because these cultivars offer excellent autoflowering capacity. In addition to their rapid flowering, hybrid weeds are robust and very profitable in terms of potency. For better yield, it is recommended that hybrids retain the qualities of their original sativa and indica parents.

The temperature stress response

Hybrid cannabis strains have proven to be resistant to excess cold or heat. The current challenge for breeders is to produce hybrid cannabis varieties that can better adapt to any climate. For this, numerous stress experiments are carried out by breeders in order to produce hybrid cannabis varieties resistant to the stress inflicted by different temperature levels.

Resistance to mold, disease and pests

Hybrid cannabis has proven to be very resistant to mold, disease, pathogens and pests. For example, hybridized plants rich in resin are considered to repel pests most effectively. As for the more airy and fluffy buds, they can help combat mold in humid conditions.

The colour

Color is one of the characteristics many hybrid cannabis growers look for. These hybrid varieties allow them to obtain colors different from the usual green. It is possible to achieve sublime colorful shades of purple, pink, red, yellow, and of course, green tones.

How to ingest hybrid cannabis?

Consumption of hybrid cannabis is similar to any other type of CBD weed. You have the option to vape, smoke, eat or drink. In the various stores of CBD sale or CBD boutiques, it’s quite easy to find a diversity of quality CBD product types that offer a unique hybrid experience.

Among these products, we find drinks based on CBD weed and even based on organic CBD flower. Either way, it’s important to first know how you want to experience hybrid cannabis. This way, you can decide which products you want to try.

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What are the benefits of Soursop? 10  key benefits 



benefits of Soursop

Soursop, also known as graviola or guanabana, grows on a tree native to the tropical forests of South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. The fruit is an excellent source of vitamin C and B complex, with high levels of iron, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and carbohydrates. It can be consumed naturally or used in the preparation of juices and recipes, and its leaves can be used to make teas. The properties of soursop make it a vital addition to your daily diet for maintaining good health. Below, we provide more details about the numerous benefits of Soursop.

The 10 benefits of soursop

Soursop is nutritious and taking advantage of these properties is very easy, because it can be consumed in many ways besides eating the fruit . You can find soursop in sweet preparations where its pulp, flour or jam is used, in addition to taking it in juices or smoothies that are perfect for hot climates.

1. Strengthens the immune system

Due to its richness in anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds, such as vitamin C and quercetin, it helps fight excess free radicals and strengthen immune system cells, preventing the emergence of situations llike allergies, flu and colds. 

2. Filled with vitamin C

The amount of this vitamin in soursop is excellent. For every 100 grams of fruit, you are consuming around 20 milligrams of vitamin C. Every day your body needs 60 milligrams, which is equivalent to about 300 grams of soursop, which is the weight of a third of the fruit.

3. Delays aging

Its excellent antioxidant properties help increase resistance to aging and delay its process.

4. It is high in fiber

Another benefit of soursop is that it is very rich in fiber, which is very good for your digestive health, since it improves the functioning of the intestinal tract and helps combat constipation.

5. Reduces pain

Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, some people drink soursop juice as a natural pain reliever. It’s also effective against hemorrhoids.

6. Helps control blood pressure

Soursop contains potassium, an essential mineral to help eliminate excess sodium from the body through urine, promoting blood pressure control.

Moreover, this fruit has antioxidants that support healthy arteries, relax blood vessels, improve blood circulation, and help control high blood pressure.

7. Keeps you hydrated

The content of soursop , especially the pulp, is mostly water. Therefore, it is an excellent complement to the liquid that you should drink to stay hydrated during the day, essential for feeling good, energized and for the body to function properly.

8. It will make you sleep better

A final benefit of soursop is that it has certain components that promote relaxation and promote drowsiness, being your ally to combat insomnia.

9. Protect your nerves and heart

The vitamin B1 content of soursop is capable of accelerating your metabolism and blood circulation, preventing nerve damage and central nervous disorders. It also contains vitamin B2 which reduces fat storage and is responsible for maintaining your heart.

10. Prevents bacterial infections

The fruit has been part of natural medicine for a long time. For example, if you apply an edible part to a wound or cut, it will benefit the healing process and prevent infections.

Soursop and cancer

Much is said about the benefits of soursop in cases of cancer patients, ensuring that consuming it helps fight the disease. However, we must be very careful with information found on the internet that does not have proven scientific support.

But where do these claims about the effects of soursop against cancer come from? If there is one thing that is certain, it is that in the leaves of this fruit there are components known as acetogenins, which could have a direct action on cancer cells and destroy them without damaging other healthy cells and tissues.

These possible properties have been studied in laboratories, but there is still no scientific basis for the effect of these compounds on humans. Therefore, it is not possible to affirm that there are benefits of soursop for cancer.

Possible Side Effects

We have explained the benefits of soursop, but we cannot skip this topic. After all, we are talking about a fruit that is not very familiar to us. If you buy soursop, you should know what to pay attention to.

Moderation is Key

First of all, rest assured, soursop has no known serious harm. However, of course, it is up to us to eat it in moderation, just like everything else, and not to turn the benefits we can gain into harm.

Caution for First-Time Consumers

Likewise, those who have never eaten soursop before, especially those who develop allergic reactions to different substances, should be very careful, consult doctors who are experts on the subject if necessary, and even if not necessary, it is better to eat only a piece first and wait at least 24 hours and then eat it if there are no side effects. It will be correct.

Considerations for Those with Chronic Illness

Of course, it is important for those with a chronic and serious illness to be careful with this food, as with any foreign food, and to act in accordance with their doctor’s recommendations.

Cancer-Related Benefits and Doctor Consultation

As the last and most important issue, as we said at the beginning, there are many studies showing that soursop has protective and healing effects on cancer. However, since not every disease progresses the same way in everyone and not every food will have the same effects on everybody, you should never consider using cinnamon apples for therapeutic purposes. However, if you consult your doctor and get his approval, you can consume soursop as a food that will contribute to your health, just like other fruits and vegetables.

Prioritize Your Health

As we said, no food has a therapeutic effect on its own for any disease, but it can contribute to your health. Let’s just say, never risk your health with wrong practices.


As with other fruits and natural ingredients, the benefit of consuming soursop does not have directly to do with visual health. However, many of its advantages do indirectly affect good vision or the prevention of visual diseases.

For example, by reducing fat levels in the body and keeping cholesterol at bay, this fruit prevents some diseases derived from obesity or other conditions from manifesting themselves in symptoms such as gradual or total loss of sight.

Furthermore, by improving the blood and cardiovascular function of the body, soursop allows the blood that irrigates the ocular area to be of better quality and fluidity and, therefore, favors the visual process itself.


Is it safe to eat soursop everyday?

Too much soursop can be harmful to your health. It is not safe to consume soursop supplements or tea in large amounts. It is best to avoid them.

Is soursop good for the liver?

Soursop is known for its alkalinity. 

Advocates of the alkaline diet claim that maintaining a slightly alkaline pH in the body and consuming soursop can detoxify the liver and prevent cell degeneration.

Why is soursop illegal in the US?

Technically, frozen pulp is the only legal form of soursop in the US. There is evidence that consuming this exotic fruit can mimic Parkinson’s Disease symptoms.

Why is Soursop important in the world of Superfoods?

Soursop is known and considered a superfood for having high therapeutic potential, antidiuretic, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, antispasmodic and anticancer effects and is popularly recommended to promote control of blood glucose levels and combat excess free radicals.

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