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How is the Speaker of the House elected in the USA? A Simple Guide



How is the Speaker of the House elected in the USA

AMERICA BULLETIN (November 30, 2018)

The new group of deputies of the Democratic Party, which will constitute the majority at the 116th Congress, which will start on January 3, 2019, decided who to nominate for the Speaker of the Parliament by holding a closed vote within the week. Republican MPs, who lost their current majority in the November 6 election and will be the ‘minority group’ in the 116th Congress, also determined their candidates in a closed vote on November 14.

The Speaker of the US House, the most key figure in the legislative power, is second in power to the President after the US Vice President. The President of the Congress sits at the podium during the joint sessions of both houses of the Congress.

So how is the person determined to sit in such an important seat?

Here’s a short guide for beginners:

How do parties nominate candidates?

In the weeks following the parliamentary elections held every two years in November, the newly elected groups of both parties decide by closed vote whose candidacy they will support in closed sessions.

How is the presidential election happening?

The election for the President of the House of Representatives is held on the first meeting day of the House of Representatives, by voting with the participation of all deputies.

Who can become the speaker of the House of Representatives?

In the House of Representatives, MPs can vote not only for the two names nominated by the two parties, but also for any other person they want. It doesn’t matter whether this person is a candidate or not. Moreover, the person they vote for does not even have to be a member of Congress. They can also elect a president from outside the parliament by voting for someone from outside the parliament, even if they are not a candidate. If elected from outside, the president cannot participate in the voting unless the votes are tied in any vote. However, in practice, no one from outside the Congress has ever been elected. Every Speaker of the House in US history was elected from within the House.

How is it decided who wins?

The person who obtains the absolute majority of 435 deputies, that is, 218 votes, is elected as the speaker of the Parliament. However, the absolute majority of the votes cast is also sufficient to be elected. This is what happened in the election in January 2016. Since 405 deputies voted, 205 votes were enough for John Boehner. He was re-elected president with 216 votes.

What happens if no one gets a simple majority vote?

Unlike many similar ones in the world, if no candidate receives an absolute majority in the first round, all candidates, not the two candidates with the most votes, go to the second round again. In the second round, voting is repeated as in the first round. Again, if there is no absolute majority, it is repeated again. This issue is insisted on in order not to diminish the majority representation power of the office by electing the speaker to the Parliament Speaker’s seat with very few votes of MPs. The election continues until a consensus is reached on the candidate who can receive the majority of votes.

However, due to the fact that the parties vote close to the bloc in the presidential election, it is very rare for the vote to reach the second round. For the last time, in 1923, no candidate could obtain an absolute majority in the first round and the speaker of the Assembly could be elected after 9 rounds of voting.

Who will be the Democratic Party’s candidate?

During the week, Nancy Pelosi , who received the most votes in the secret ballot of the Democratic Party’s new House of Representatives group, which will take office in 2019, became the party’s candidate for the speaker of the House of Representatives again. Pelosi was elected the 52nd Speaker of the US House of Assembly in 2008, becoming the first and only woman elected to this position in American history.

However, in the voting in which 235 Democratic Party ‘elected MPs’ participated, 203 votes went to Pelosi, the ‘minority group leader’ of the 115th Congress, while 32 votes went to other candidates. Combined with three absentee ballots and two absentee ballots, this tally shows that there are at least 35 Democratic lawmakers who oppose Pelosi’s presidency. Considering that Nancy Pelosi will need at least 218 votes to become president, this result means ‘bittersweet and anxious joy’ for Pelosi.

According to some analysts, since the environment of the ‘intra-party election’ and the elections in the General Assembly of the House are different, Pelosi can already be seen as the future speaker of the House of Representatives of the USA. As a matter of fact, when Pelosi ran for the leadership of the party’s parliamentary group in 2016, 63 deputies voted against her in a closed-party voting. However, in the official vote in the Parliament, the number of Democratic MPs opposing his minority group leadership dropped to 4.

Who will be the Republican Party’s candidate?

On the other hand, the presidential candidate of the House of Representatives of the Republican Party, which will be the minority group in the 116th Congress, which will take office on January 3, 2019, will be California Deputy Kevin McCharty. Paul Ryan, the party’s speaker of the House of Representatives in the current 115th Congress, has not run for parliament again.

Currently the majority leader, McCharty’s only chance of becoming speaker is if at least 20 Democratic lawmakers vote for him instead of Nancy Pelosi. This is a near impossible possibility. In the closed vote held within the party group on November 14, McCharty, who received 159 votes against his opponent Jim Jordan, who received 43 votes, was almost certain to become the minority group leader in the new Congress.


The Speaker of the House plays a crucial role in shaping policy in the United States. Understanding its complexities is important for citizens to grasp the functioning of their democratic system.

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Helium Gas Precautions: Staying Safe While Handling



Helium Gas

Helium gas is one of the safest gases for people. It is odorless, tasteless, colorless, non-combustible and an inert (non-reactive) gas, the second lightest element after hydrogen.

Since it cannot react with other substances or elements, helium cannot burn or cause a fire when used to inflate latex balloons.

However, as with any other gas, it is essential to always be cautious and take into account some safety information before handling a new element. For example, exposing a helium cylinder to fire can increase the pressure and rupture.

This guide will highlight the most important safety details for correctly using helium gas. Be careful!

Helium Cylinders – Safety Guidelines 

They are compressed gas cylinders. For this reason, it is imperative to familiarize yourself with the properties and hazards of the material before you are prepared to handle it. It doesn’t matter that its use is generally safe.

In other words, although helium gas is primarily associated with fun, it could have fatal results if not handled properly.

Based on this premise, we have prepared a list of safety data that you may want to consult before thinking about inflating a helium balloon or before inhaling it.

Here are some safety tips to keep you safe when dealing with helium canisters.

Safe Handling of Helium Cylinders

  • Keep cylinders away from children at all times. Children cannot be trusted to use helium gas on their own.
  • Always point the balloon and inflator away from your face when inflating balloons. You can stand on the side of the cylinder when you open the valve.
  • Wear eye protection when blowing up a balloon. Contact with liquid helium can cause freezing. Frostbite is damage to the skin and underlying tissues caused by extreme cold.
  • Never open the cylinder valve without installing an inflator; You must open the valve slowly.
  • Never drag a helium cylinder across the ground. Always use it in an upright and secured position.
  • Use a cart to transport helium cylinders.
  • Do not refill helium cylinders with any other gas. Helium cylinders are made exclusively to contain helium.
  • Do not try to transfer this gas from one tank to another.
  • Do not open valve without proper regulator.
  • Do not leave helium tanks unattended or supervised.

Sign of leak?

If you find a leak, close the valve immediately, release the excess gas in the filling system, and finally check whether you have fixed the filling system correctly.

Transportation and Storage of Helium Gas and Cylinders

Whether helium cylinders are safe or not is already quite evident. However, the way they are transported and stored are also valuable points to take into account.

First, make sure there is good air circulation where you store the cylinders. It is important that the tanks/cylinders maintain good pressure. This safety tip also applies to the vehicle you use to transport the cylinders.

Second, store helium cylinders upright.

Thirdly, under no circumstances let the cylinders come loose. When transporting them by truck or any other vehicle, preferably spacious, chain the pallets well so that the cylinders do not move or fall.

Fourthly, forget about lifting them manually; helium cylinders are too heavy. Always make sure you have a cart ready to transport them.

Helium Gas Inhalation

Helium is one of the most used elements for scientists. It is used for multiple tasks, such as in medicine, performing magnetic resonance imaging , in addition to being essential for the maintenance of spacecraft, radiation monitors or telescopes.

But helium also has a fun component for humans. We are not going to fool ourselves and we must admit that most of us have inhaled at some point. If we do it this way, casually, and very occasionally, the element is not dangerous. The problem comes when it becomes habit and we inhale helium often.

Common element

Helium is a lighter element than oxygen itself. It is the second most common element that we can find on our planet, and even our own body contains small doses of helium distributed throughout the body.

Being less heavy than oxygen, one of the most common uses of the element is to make balloons fly. For some time now, helium has also become an act of fun when inhaled by people since it makes our voice change, leaving us with a funny tone.

If we do not do this often, there is no problem, since helium is not toxic to humans. The problem comes when this becomes a habit. Here our body could have certain problems in the long run.

In great quantities

As we say, if we inhale large amounts of helium that is when we can have health problems. A large inhalation can cause suffocation, the element enters our blood and would replace it, so there would come a time when our body would collapse due to suffocation.

Likewise, another of the deadly effects that inhalation of the element can have is that our larynx contracts , due to the vibrations it produces when inhaling helium.

Cases of death due to inhalation have been documented in the world, although they are very rare cases and with high quantities.

Although death is usually rare, inhaling helium in large quantities can cause dizziness, fainting or fainting, caused by the lack of oxygen in our body.

In very extreme cases of inhalation, our body can suffer pulmonary hemorrhage, common if inhalation occurs directly from the mouthpiece of the high-pressure tank. Therefore, it is advisable to swallow helium from outside the pressure nozzle, since then it will not have enough strength to enter our body in large quantities.


We hope that the safety information mentioned above has been of great help. Now you can freely handle a helium cylinder without problems. Of course, don’t forget to consult the safety manual of the bottle you order, so that you don’t miss any details!


What are the safety issues with helium?

Exposure to high levels of Helium can result in symptoms such as headache, dizziness, and lightheadedness due to suffocation from lack of Oxygen. Additionally, coming into contact with liquid Helium can lead to frostbite.

Why should helium be avoided?

Inhaling pure helium deprives your body of vital oxygen, and the more you inhale, the longer this oxygen deprivation lasts. Within a matter of minutes, inhaling pure helium can lead to death due to asphyxiation.

Why is helium gas banned?

Due to the Helium Act of 1925, the export of scarce helium was banned, and the United States held a monopoly on its production. As a result, German Zeppelins were compelled to use hydrogen as a lifting gas, which would later become infamous in the Hindenburg disaster.

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Do ladybugs bite? What you need to know



Do ladybugs bite

Curious about the tiny, colorful creatures? Let’s explore the question: Do ladybugs bite?” Ladybugs are not bloodsuckers. They hunt their food in the wild – preferably aphids. The following article will tell you whether ladybugs also bite people.

Ladybug mouthparts

Each ladybug has a strongly developed lower jaw. It can use its mouthparts to chop up its relatively large food . It can also use this mouthpart to bite people and pets. Since the small species of beetle cannot really bite deeply, pinching is the more appropriate word. In addition, the ladybug can pinch with its legs.

All species can bite

There are around 5000 species of ladybirds living in the world. The best-known species is the seven-spot ladybird. The immigrant Asian lady beetle should also be mentioned. It is extremely assertive and its population is growing steadily and strongly. Both species of beetles can bite, but so can all other, less represented and well-known species.

Bite like a pinprick

A ladybug bite feels like a pinprick. Depending on a person’s sensitivity, sometimes more, sometimes less. Other than this brief pain, there is nothing to worry about. Ladybug bites are not dangerous, certainly not fatal.

  • Bite pain only lasts while biting
  • no after effects
  • Bite is harmless to health
  • Leaves minimal bite marks in the short term
  • mostly red dot and slight swelling

Sensitive people can easily react allergically. Then the reddened bite area becomes slightly larger and the swelling becomes more severe. But here too, the all-clear can be given from a health perspective.

Bare skin preferred

Ladybugs are not aggressive biters that specifically attack people. Biting is also not a defensive response to threat. Rather, it seems that the ladybug mistakes human skin for its food, for whatever reason. Scientific observations have shown that ladybugs prefer to nip at hairless areas of skin. This is why fingers and forearms are often affected by bites.

No danger to pets

Our favorite pets tend to have hair all over their bodies. Therefore, they are probably less likely to be bitten by ladybugs, although this has not really been researched. To reassure you, it can be said that bites from ladybugs are not a health threat to them either. Accordingly, no measures are required. Especially since a ladybird bite leaves so few traces that it is likely to go undetected anyway. Of course, it must be assumed that the pet finds the acute biting just as unpleasant or painful as humans.

Preventive measures

It is not enough to keep enough distance from a discovered ladybug. Because it is known that this type of beetle can fly well. They are not afraid to land on people. They also find ways to get into our living spaces. The following measures should significantly reduce the risk of biting:

  • Don’t choose bright colors when it comes to clothing
  • Seal windows and doors well
  • equipped with fly screens
  • Check the masonry for cracks and seal if necessary


Ladybugs can bite or pinch a person. The bite may cause an allergic skin reaction in people who are allergic to the proteins naturally found in the ladybug’s body. Taking steps to prevent ladybug infestations and removing ladybugs from your home if present may help.


How long do ladybugs live?

Ladybirds usually only live for one year. This includes a single overwintering period. The Asian lady beetle, which is now widespread in many countries, often manages to overwinter twice.

Which ladybug bites?

The Asian ladybug is aggressive and will “bite” when handled (you barely feel the bite).

Are ladybugs dangerous?

Asian ladybugs gathering in clusters in houses during winter are not dangerous for humans or plants. They may be annoying for native ladybugs, but the latter have learned how to defend themselves.

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Toyota Stout: A Compact Pickup Truck



Toyota Stout

Remember the Toyota Stout? In the automotive industry , innovations are a constant driving force. Brands fight to be the first option for consumers, and in that context, compact pickups have gained ground just as Toyota seems to be seeking to do with the 2024 Toyota Stout. It is an attractive option for those looking for the solidity of a truck in a format. more manageable and economical. Within this niche, the Ford Maverick and Hyundai Santa Cruz have made their mark, but a new contender could be about to challenge their supremacy: 2024 Toyota Stout .

Toyota’s legacy: From the Hilux to the Toyota Stout

Toyota ‘s seal is unmistakable in the pickup market, thanks to the resounding success of the Hilux, a robust and reliable model that has earned the trust of the public. Now, Toyota is preparing to conquer the compact pickup segment with the long-awaited 2024 Stout.

The name Stout is not new for the Japanese brand. This name evokes the decade of the 70s and 80s, when Toyota offered compact pickups with remarkable load capacity and resistance for their size. The new Stout is expected to perpetuate that tradition of durability and efficiency, but with a more modern and urban approach.

The fact that Toyota is considering launching a new compact pickup comes as no surprise. What really generates excitement are the rumors that the Stout could be manufactured in Argentina, marking a milestone in Toyota’s expansion in America.

Durability and Reliability:

Renowned for its durability and reliability, the Stout’s robust construction and reliable drivetrain ensured longevity and contributed to Toyota’s overall reputation for producing long-lasting vehicles.

Design Preview: 2024 Toyota Stout

The latest Toyota Stout is set to debut with a fresh, modern look, featuring bold LED headlights and distinctive C-shaped lighting. Additionally, the new Stout pickup will have a smooth look with a flush door handle , and its front bumper will give it a tough, smooth look. It will have dark wheel arches , stylish dual-tone alloy wheels and other contemporary styling.

So far Toyota has not given any specific information about the launch date of the new truck that comes in 2024. Major websites and experts suggest that Toyota might release the new model in early 2024, but reservations are not expected to start until the end of the year. But your reservation cannot begin until the end of this year.

Price of the 2024 Toyota Stout

Toyota has not given specific details about the price and current of its new rugged truck. But according to media reports and YouTube channels, prices for the 2024 model could start as high as $22,000 , and this truck is specifically aimed at those customers, those looking for a more affordable truck.

Toyota Stout 2024: a hybrid pickup ready for battle

The new Stout is a hybrid truck that easily travels more than 800 km on a full tank. And it’s also important to note that the range of the new Stout truck may vary based on a number of factors, such as driving conditions, weather, engine problems, driving style, traffic or fuel problems and other help.

Let us also tell you that in terms of autonomy and performance, the new Stout is a great hybrid pickup, which can accelerate from 0 to 62 miles/hr  in just 8 seconds and the maximum speed can go from 71 to 81 miles/hr.

2024 Toyota Stout Advanced Features

The new Toyota pickup truck has new advanced features, which provide entertainment and safety to the passengers and driver during the mountainous and jungle journey. Here is the list of all the features:

  •  WiFi access point
  • 5G connectivity
  • Smart key system
  • Electric door locking
  • Off-Road system 
  • Sound system
  • Push button start
  • Premium sound system
  • 14-inch touch screen
  • Apple CarPlay and Android Auto
  • Charger wireless for Smartphone
  • Latest and advanced safety features
  • Automated emergency braking system
  • Six-speed automatic transmission

Explore the 2024 Toyota Stout: Available in Four Exciting Colors

The new Toyota truck model will offer four unique color shades, adding versatility and dynamism to its design.

  • Crush Blue
  • Barcelona Red
  • Magnetic Gray
  • Wind Chill Pearl.
  • Safety features of the 2024 Toyota Stout

In countries like the US and Canada, Toyota is one of the popular truck companies, and is known for its advanced features. The company has recently announced its new pickup truck model for 2024, which is expected to include a range of advanced safety features.

The new Toyota trucks come equipped with driver-assist technology to upgrade safety for both the driver and passengers. This includes 

  • lane departure warning, 
  • adaptive cruise control, 
  • forward collision warning, 
  • automatic emergency braking. 

All these features are designed to help prevent accidents before they occur.

The new Toyota pickup incorporates the Advanced Safety Features (ACE) body structure. These features help reduce the risk of injury to the passenger and driver after an accident. Moreover, the new Toyota pickup truck comes with various safety features to protect passengers and drivers on the road.

Let us tell you that the new Stout truck offers excellent fuel economy, offering a fuel economy of 28 mpg in the city, 36 mpg on the highway, and 32 mpg combined , which is a superb fuel economy.

In hybrid mode, this truck will achieve fuel economy of 40 mpg in the city, 33 mpg on the highway, and 30 mpg combined, offering excellent fuel efficiency.

2024 Toyota Stout Interior

The interior of the new Toyota truck features a complete redesign, incorporating several new and unique features. It boasts a luxurious design, offering spacious legroom and headroom. High-quality materials seats ensure comfort during long journeys. Moreover, it has a large touchscreen infotainment system and a driver information display.

Rugged Exterior Design:

Toyota, known for its rugged truck styling, aims to set the Stout apart with a tough and sporty look, reminiscent of its successful Tacoma and Tundra models. As opposed to the carefree design of the Maverick and whimsical appearance of the Santa Cruz, the Stout aims to appeal to Gearheads with its bold aesthetics.

In summary

Toyota plans to launch the 2024 Toyota Stout in the competitive automotive market. This compact pickup will offer Toyota’s reliability and efficiency in a manageable and economical size. If Toyota chooses to produce the Stout in Argentina, it could have a major impact on the compact pickup market in America. Meanwhile, anticipation grows as speculations and rumors circulate about the arrival of the 2024 Toyota Stout.

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